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Why is Tripura witnessing a spike in HIV/AIDS cases?

The Tripura government reported that 1790 individuals were diagnosed with HIV/AIDS, with a positivity rate of 0.92 per cent in 2023-24. 

News Arena Network - Agartala - UPDATED: July 10, 2024, 08:31 PM - 3 mins read

Why is Tripura witnessing a spike in HIV/AIDS cases?

Why is Tripura witnessing a spike in HIV/AIDS cases?

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The Tripura government reported that 1790 individuals were diagnosed with HIV/AIDS, with a positivity rate of 0.92 per cent in 2023-24. 

 

Officials stated that the government has implemented several measures to curb the spread of HIV/AIDS in the state as part of the National AIDS Control Programme.

 

Samarpita Dutta, Project Director of Tripura State AIDS Control Society, mentioned that in 2022-23, sixty-seven individuals, including two students, succumbed to the disease, while forty-four people died in 2023-24 due to HIV/AIDS.

 

In 2022-23, 1847 new cases of HIV/AIDS were reported, with a positivity rate of infection at 0.89 per cent. Dutta emphasised that the National AIDS Control Programme has been in effect in Tripura since April 1999.

 

From April 2007 to May 2024, 828 students registered as PLHIV (People Living With HIV/AIDS), and 47 of them passed away during this 17-year period.

 

"Tripura State AIDS Control Society has taken all initiatives to control the menace as per specific guidelines and action plan designed by National AIDS Control Organisation," Dutta told the media.

 

828 students registered in ART centres over the past several years are receiving free Anti Retroviral Treatment in accordance with NACO guidelines, as mentioned by her.

 

Manik Saha, the Chief Minister of Tripura, is an oral and maxillofacial surgeon who held a significant position at a local medical college before assuming the role of Chief Minister. He stated that the state government has implemented multiple measures to prevent the spread of HIV/AIDS in Tripura.

 

"It has come to our notice that some recent media reports have led to misgivings on the number of infected students and fatalities. It has been clarified by the department concerned that a total of 828 students in Tripura have tested HIV positive, and 47 have lost lives over a period of 17 years (from April 2007 to May 2024).

 

"All affected students have received or have been receiving free Anti-Retroviral Treatment (ART) as per the NACO guidelines," Saha, who also holds the Health and Family Welfare portfolio, said in a post on the X.

 

Why a spike in HIV/AIDS cases

 

Annually, Tripura records 1,500 new cases of HIV/AIDS, as stated by Dr. Samarpita Dutta, Director of the Tripura State AIDS Control Society (TSACS).

 

According to reports, there are high rates of HIV and AIDS among young people and students in Tripura due to the use of injectable drugs and engaging in high-risk behaviour. The district of West Tripura has the highest prevalence.

 

A report by TSACS revealed that 87 per cent of registered IDUs (Injecting Drug Users) in Tripura fall within the age range of 16-30, with the largest group being between 21-25 years old, making up 43.5 per cent of all IDUs. This figure includes 12 individuals under the age of 15 who have been confirmed to use injectable drugs. Additionally, 22 per cent of all injectable drug users in the state are in the 16-20 age group.




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